Title I, Part D, Subpart 1, provides supplemental funds for education programs for youth who are neglected or delinquent. Subpart 1 funds are awarded directly to State education agencies, which then award subgrants to State agencies (e.g., juvenile detention, juvenile corrections, and adult corrections) serving youth who are neglected or delinquent. In the 2011–12 school year (SY), the Federal Title I, Part D, Subpart 1, program distributed $49.07 million to such State agency programs.
|Subpart 1 Funding|
|US||$ 49,166,325||$ 49,166,325||$ 49,067,993|
|NE||$ 471,019||$ 216,886||$ 318,390|
|Number of Programs|
|Number of Students Served|
States may use Subpart 1 funds to assist educational programs for youth who are neglected and programs for youth in juvenile detention, juvenile corrections, and adult corrections facilities. Programs for youth who are neglected serve youth placed in public or private residential facilities due to abandonment, neglect, or death of their parents or guardians. Programs for youth who are delinquent serve youth in public or private institutions (e.g., detention or corrections facilities) who have been adjudicated delinquent or who are in need of supervision.
All State education agencies must provide data to ED on student participation in Part D programs. Data must be disaggregated by gender, race/ethnicity, and age. In SY 2010–11, the Federal racial/ethnic categories changed from the five categories reported in SY 2009–10 to seven categories. The new racial/ethnic categories are American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian; Black or African-American; Hispanic or Latino; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander; White; and Two or more races. To compare racial/ethnic data from SYs 2010–11 and 2011–12 with categories from SY 2009–10, the current Federal categories have been rolled into five in which Asian and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander have been combined into Asian, and Two or more races has been merged into “Other.” In addition, if State grantees provided racial/ethnic data identifying students as an unidentified or “Other” racial or ethnic group, those data are included here.
Nationally, in SY 2011–12, the majority of students enrolled in State agency neglected and delinquent programs and receiving Part D funds were between the ages of 14 and 18 (70 percent) and 19 and 21 (25 percent), and were predominantly male (84 percent). These percentages reflect the national trends in age and gender also observed in SYs 2009–10 and 2010–11.
|American Indian/Alaska Native||25||3.4%||46||6.4%||37||5.4%||2,404||2.2%||2,522||2.4%||2,261||2.3%|
|Two or More Races / Unknown||N<10||N<10||N<10||N<10||N<4||N<4||405||0.4%||1,612||1.5%||2,030||2.1%|
N<# indicates that the demographic data in this cell have been suppressed because of small N sizes. For SYs 2009–10 and 2010–11, the number at which data are suppressed varies by State and is based on the suppression values that the State agreed upon with ED. For SY 2011–12, any value less than four (including zero) is suppressed, in accordance guidelines from ED. In instances in which only one category meets the suppression number, an additional category is also suppressed, using the same notation, but the value may exceed the indicated number. Not every State has suppressed data.
In addition, States may not have provided racial/ethnic data for every student. Therefore, the number of students by race/ethnicity may be lower than the number of students served.
All State education agencies must report on a series of academic and vocational outcomes attained by students enrolled in programs that receive Title I, Part D, funds. The figures below feature two of the key performance measures: earning high school course credits and attaining a GED or high school diploma. These figures reflect the percentage of age-eligible students who attain these outcomes while enrolled in, or shortly after leaving, an educational program funded by Title I, Part D, Subpart 1.
|Earned High School Course Credits (ages 13-21)*|
|Earned a GED or Obtained High School Diploma (ages 16-21)|
*The Earned High School Course Credits indicator does not include students in Adult Corrections facilities.
Percentages reflect the number of age-eligible students for each outcome.
ED requires that States report the pre- and posttest performances in reading and mathematics of long-term students who were enrolled in a program for 90 consecutive calendar days or longer. All State education agencies provide data on the number of long-term students who test below grade level upon entry to their programs and on the progress (i.e., grade-level change) that students demonstrate on pre- and posttests in reading and mathematics.
|Students Testing Below Grade Level Upon Entry||474||71.0%||453||67.5%||392||68.5%||38,882||71.0%||37,229||64.6%||32,338||61.0%|
|Long-Term Students with Complete Pre- and Posttest Data||518||516||511||32,666||32,107||32,103|
|Students who showed negative change from pre- to posttest||130||25.1%||132||25.6%||170||33.3%||5,870||18.0%||5,712||17.8%||5,162||16.1%|
|Students who showed no change from pre- to posttest||47||9.1%||44||8.5%||52||10.2%||3,953||12.1%||3,781||11.8%||4,103||12.8%|
|Students who showed improvement from pre- to posttest||341||65.8%||340||65.9%||289||56.6%||22,843||69.9%||22,614||70.4%||22,838||71.1%|
|Students Testing Below Grade Level Upon Entry||482||72.2%||487||72.6%||357||62.4%||38,107||70.8%||37,313||64.8%||33,132||62.5%|
|Long-Term Students with Complete Pre- and Posttest Data||519||525||511||32,623||31,805||31,538|
|Students who showed negative change from pre- to posttest||117||22.5%||129||24.6%||219||42.9%||5,586||17.1%||5,546||17.4%||5,074||16.1%|
|Students who showed no change from pre- to posttest||78||15.0%||84||16.0%||71||13.9%||3,775||11.6%||3,382||10.6%||3,777||12.0%|
|Students who showed improvement from pre- to posttest||324||62.4%||312||59.4%||221||43.2%||23,262||71.3%||22,877||71.9%||22,687||71.9%|
Although not reflected in the Title I, Part D, Subpart 1, Allocation (in millions) graph above, Nebraska's allocation for SY 2009–10 was $362,377, not $471,019, due to an adjustment in Nebraska's Annual Count for that year.
Adult corrections: An adult corrections institution is a facility in which persons, including youth under 21 years of age, are confined as a result of conviction for a criminal offense.
Age-eligible: This term refers to the age range of students who could reasonably be expected to achieve a given outcome. For example, the age-eligible range for earning a high school diploma or GED is 16- to 21-years old. ED uses ranges for each outcome intended to capture the majority of students served across the country, but eligibility ranges may vary from State to State.
Juvenile detention: A juvenile detention facility is a shorter term institution that provides care to children who require secure custody pending court adjudication, court disposition, or execution of a court order, or that provides care to children after commitment.
Juvenile corrections: A juvenile corrections institution is a public or private residential facility, other than a foster home, for children and youth who are delinquent. This type of facility offers care for children and youth who have been adjudicated delinquent or are in need of supervision.
Long-term: Students who are enrolled in a program for 90 consecutive calendar days or longer.
Neglect: Neglected programs offer care to children and youth who are neglected. These programs are conducted in public or private residential facilities, other than a foster home, that are operated primarily for the care of children who have been committed to the institution or voluntarily placed there under applicable State law due to abandonment, neglect, or death of their parents or guardians.
U.S. Department of Education, Budget Office
U.S. Department of Education, Budget Office
CSPR for State Formula Grant Programs Under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as Amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: SYs 2009–10, 2010–11, and 2011–12. Data submitted by States to ED’s Office of Student Achievement and School Accountability.*
*Note: Some of the values that appear on these State Fast Facts pages may not fully align with the values reported in the CSPR. NDTAC provides extensive technical assistance to Title I, Part D, programs and has in some instances clarified data based on information provided directly from States. Because of this and differing analytic approaches, NDTAC’s Fast Facts pages may not fully align with the raw data in these data sources.